Puritans’ efforts contributed to both civil war in England and the founding of colonies in America. Salvation was a personal matter between God and the 'Elect'. They had the "elect", who God decided that they were good and pure, before they were born. ... John Calvin believed that Gods forgiveness could neither be earned or denied. The Puritans believed in this. However, they also believed that God would severely punish those who were disobedient. In order to understand just who the Puritans were, what they believed in and their influence on the development of American institutions, it is necessary to understand something about the history of Christianity in Europe before the year 1500. The Puritans were members of a religious reform movement that arose in the late 16th century and held that the Church of England should eliminate ceremonies and practices not rooted in … Learn more about Puritanism, its history, and beliefs. Puritans believed that strict adherence to sacred scripture was the only real faith. Many Puritans believed the Jews would return to the land in the last days that would eventually lead to the setting up of the kingdom of God on earth at the second coming of Christ. Puritanism accepted the interpretations of John Calvin (1509-64) on the nature of man, free will and predestination, and other basic concepts. That’s because the Puritans, (just like the Pilgrims) didn’t believe in democracy. ... which then forms a collective anxiety for Protestants who are not in sects that believe in a sacramental type of forgiveness. This came from the Salem witch trials and the Puritans were often charged for being leaders in the witch hunts that led to the trial. They began to not conform to the religion, they were call nonconformist, they would go by scripture, they believed their quarrel was with temporal authority dictating spiritual life not with the pope. The Puritans were English Protestants in the 16th and 17th centuries who sought to purify the Church of England of Roman Catholic practices, maintaining that the Church of England had not been fully reformed and should become more Protestant. The Puritan churches adopted congregational government from their neighbors across the Bay at Plymouth. The "invisible saint" were the people who didn't know if they were elect or not, but God knew. The "visible saints" were the people who converted to Calvinism and they were expected to live godly lives. They were not hysterical about witchcraft as some might believe. The Puritans and Democracy. Puritanism started in the sixteenth century as a movement to reform the Church of England. These puritans did what? ... Priests were known to sell forgiveness for sin. A pure faith was a biblical faith, and that was generally rigid and unwavering in its adherence to their interpretation of scripture. Puritans believed that God would guarantee a select few admission to heaven, and this verdict would only occur if they lived their lives free of sin and were an official member of the Puritan church. They did not, however, extend the civil franchise to all church members. 4. Puritanism, a religious reform movement in the late 16th and 17th centuries that was known for the intensity of the religious experience that it fostered. However, Puritans did believe in religious freedom and generally respected the differences in belief systems of those outside the Church of England.

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