Krik of Black Owl Outdoors thoroughly yet simply explains how to navigate with just a compass and a map. Magnetized needle: The end that always points to the magnetic pole is usually colored red or white. In the continental U.S., declinations vary from 20 degrees east in parts of Washington state to 20 degrees west in parts of Maine. Index line: an extension of the direction of travel arrow that indicates where to read bearings. Learning to read a map and compass and navigate properly will instill a sense of self-reliance and skill that you won’t get from following the arrow on a GPS. A “bearing” is simply a navigationally precise way to describe a direction. Orient the map with the terrain, using the technique already described. Your direction of travel arrow should now be pointing towards your destination. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you 2. Then identify your current location and the location you want to reach on the map. Because batteries can die and gadgets can malfunction. Get YOUR COMPASS LIKE MINE HERE:http://www.amazon.com/gp/product/B009XMXSIC?ie=UTF8&camp=1789&creativeASIN=B009XMXSIC&linkCode=xm2&tag=blacscousurv-20Get … Compass features become increasingly clear as you use them. Rotate the bezel until the grid lines on the base plate match the grid lines on the map. 3. Before you can use a map to help you find your way, you’ll need to make sure you’re equipped with one that’s suitable for the type of traveling you’re doing. In this article, we'll teach you the basics. Start by finding a landmark that you can also identify on your map. It features: Clear, concise instructions for using a map and compass effectively In most locations in the real world, though, magnetic north (where your needle points) and true north differ by a few degrees: That difference is known as “declination.”. How To Use a Compass with a USGS Topographic Map. Then, turn the bezel so that the orienting lines are aligned with the north-south lines on the map. But when you’ve been walking in circles for hours and your day hike is stretching into an overnight, that saying is cold comfort. The angle between the two—known as the declination—varies depending on your location. Put the map as flat as possible in front of you ; Put the compass anywhere on the map 1. Compass features. Slide the baseplate until one of its straight edges aligns with either the left or right edge of your map. Step 1: First, get what you need: your compass, map, a long piece of string, and the declination of the area. Learn more and join us, Earn a $100 REI Gift Card when you apply, get approved and make any purchase within 60 days of card approval.Details, Mon–Fri, 5am–10pm PT Sat–Sun, 6am–9pm PT. Be careful to get the bearing in the correct sense because a straight line will have two values 180° apart. Map & Compass 101 – Setting & Reading Headings • Step by Step 1 – 2 - 3 1– set your map on the ground; find where U are and where U want to go U R here 2– set your compass edge along a straight line from where U are to where U want to go 3 – turn the compass dial until The Orienteering lines are Parallel to the North / South Baseplate: a clear back that lets you see the map underneath. Learn to navigate using a topographic map and a compass. If you have trouble remembering that rule, try this mnemonic: Maps Tell Almost Everything. In order to use your military compass properly from there, you’ll need to orient the map to face true north. Step 3. First, you’ll need to be able to find at least two known landmarks. Rotate the bezel until North matches the maps north, and the meridian lines line up with a … This is a great video that will introduce the concepts of orienteering to you. How Should I Set My GPS and Compass? Rotating bezel: Also called the “azimuth ring,” this outer circle has 360 degree markings. Method #2. Then take a class with the REI Outdoor School or another outdoor organization and practice these skills until you master them. Holding the compass level in front of you, turn your body until the north arrow on the bezel matches up with the compass’s needle. Both kinds are easy to use with a … A map and compass make up two of the 10 essentials recommended for safe backcountry travel, but they’ll do little good if you don’t know how to use them. Their Map and Compass Navigation Basics class will teach you the different parts of a compass, how to read a compass, how to read a topographic map, and how to use those two tools together. With the information on this page, we aim to show you how to correctly use a compass. Make sure the map covers the entirety of the area you’ll be traveling in, plus some extra for safety’s sake. The easiest way to find the angle of declination is to check your map: most have declination diagrams, along with the date it was last revised. We consider a compass and map to be two parts of the same tool. Magnetized needle: located inside of the bezel, it always points to magnetic north, not true north. Set the compass on the map so the edge of the base plate (remember what that is?) In addition, it is not convenient to use a compass and map in rainy days. (They’re hundreds of miles apart. Learn how to use a baseplate compass with these 3 easy-to-follow tutorials. Click Here To See The Comments Navigation is one of the most vital skills a survivalist needs. (The number next to the index line is your bearing). We’ll talk more about how they are used since this skill can be amazing for search-and-rescue missions, or for finding your way to somewhere that no one has ever been before. (Mountains and lakes are both good choices.) Place the compass flat on your palm and your palm in front of your chest. 1. 3. Before you can use a compass to navigate you need to be familiar with the main features. Read on. How to Use a Map. Start by identifying a few landmarks. Updated with current Web site information, photographs, and more, it covers traveling by map alone, by compass alone, or by map and compass together. Because declination changes over time, newer maps will have more accurate figures. Make sure you know how to find a bearing. 1. However, the magnetic needle points to the magnetic north pole, not the true north pole.So, it might be precise, but usually, it is not. While entire books have been written about navigating with a compass, every new compass user needs to know the basic concepts. b) Make sure that the direction arrows are pointing from the starting point to the place of destination (and not the opposite way). Place the compass on the map, and turn it so the direction of travel arrow is facing the same way you are. Buy Now. Navigation is one of the Ten Essentials and most outdoor speople take a compass with them on every adventure. Once you’ve set your declination, map orientation is simple: 586 reviews with an average rating of 3.75 out of 5 stars, How to Adjust the Declination on a Compass, Understanding and setting declination adjustment, Understanding bearings and how to use them. Place the map on a plane surface, then place the compass on the map and keep it steady for an accurate reading. Working off an older map? Traveling by Compass. Before you can use a compass to navigate you need to be familiar with the main features. This makes it much easier to relate the map to what you see on the ground. If the lines form a very large triangle, recheck your work because you have at least one significant error. On the map, place one corner of your compass’s straightedge on the landmark, the rotate the entire compass until the needle lines up with north on the bezel. Buy Now. The point where all the lines intersect is your approximate location. Rotate the bezel until the grid lines on the base plate match the grid lines on the map. How to Use a Compass with a Map. Read the number next to the index line—this is your bearing. Now, you must align the orienting lines and arrow on your compass with the meridian lines on the map. Below, we’ll cover both the basics and finer points of compass navigation. GPS dead? If unfamiliar, spend some time studying your maps and seeing how features relate from the map … Quickly understand how to follow a bearing in the field, find your location on a map and reach any set of GPS coordinates with a compass. Now you have the map oriented correctly and can identify nearby landmarks on it. But how do you use them? Unsurprisingly, it’s by compass maker Silva, and I’ve borrowed it below. compass as well as a map. Different kinds of maps exist for different uses. While there are many different kinds of compasses on the market, the most common for backpackers is the baseplate compass, which consists of a liquid-filled compass face attached to a flat, clear piece of plastic. While a lot of us have access to Smartphones and GPS, that is no excuse for not knowing how to read a map and navigate using a compass. (Don't know how to do that? Adjustable Declination Compasses. Using your map and compass together you will be able to pinpoint your location on the map, or to find out where you should be heading to reach a specific destination. ), Orienting arrow: helps line the bezel up with the directions on the map, Declination scale: hash marks on the inside of the bezel, designed to help adjust declination. Once you’re an expert on orienteering, share the knowledge! And even in the age of GPS and smartphones, the most reliable way to make sure that you stay on track is by using a map and compass. Orient the compass with the clear part along your current position. At REI, we believe that a life outdoors is a life well lived. Includes types of compass, considerations and … 1. 2. north. Be sure to read all the way to the end to learn about declination or you’ll end up heading toward magnetic north and not true north! Why not rely exclusively on a phone or GPS receiver? Choose the right type of map. How to Use a Compass The most important piece of gear to help you find your way. Your own life or someone in your group could be saved by your ability to read a map and navigate your way to safety.. To become accomplished at taking bearings and converting them will require you to read carefully through the following directions and let the directions “sink in”. 5. If you don’t have one yet, read How to Choose a Compass. Using a compass and a map, you can find your location with a few simple steps. 4.The destination is somewhere along … Place the corner of your compass’s baseplate on your location, then rotate your entire compass until the straightedge forms a line between your location and your destination. Just follow these steps. 2. Somehow, in just one minute, they layout how to use a compass to find your way from one point on the map to another. REI and the REI Co-op logo are trademarks of Recreational Equipment, Inc. For this article, we’re using a compass that has all of the features you need for basic navigation: North on a map is easy to find (it’s at the top). Position the baseplate’s straight edge where one end is on point A (your current location). 2. Your smartphone can do everything else, so it shouldn’t come as a surprise that it has a compass built into it. If you can find a third, even better. How to use a compass for hiking in Australia. A lensatic compass is also known as a military compass, and these compasses are used to cross terrain that may not have trails or may be more challenging to navigate. Once you have your declination, subtract it from your compass bearing for west and add it for east. The biggest? As always, remember to adjust for declination, 1. Setting the map. ), One of the tricky parts of navigating with a compass is that magnetic north isn’t the same as true north. From navigation to staying dry to predicting the weather, our primer will have you dialed. Now hold the compass on the map and rotate yourself and the map/compass together until the orienting arrow and the compass needle are aligned to magnetic north. Align the forward edge of the compass with your destination, Camp 23. Also popular are lensatic compasses, which flip open like a locket and use a sighting wire in the cover and a rear lens to take highly accurate bearings. How to take a bearing Use the string and the map’s scale/distance scale to determine how far you’ll be hiking. b) Make sure that the direction arrows are pointing from the starting point to the place of destination (and not the opposite way). Finding your location with a compass. Furthermore, they can usually only tell which way you’re facing once you’re on the move. Includes types of compass, considerations and … © 2020 Recreational Equipment, Inc. All rights reserved. A good map provides the lay of the land while a compass works to orient an individual within that map. Now follow these rules to get found. If you don’t adjust your compass to compensate, you’ll find yourself headed in the wrong direction. Lay your compass on the map and align one corner of the straight edge with the landmark. Method #1. Rotate the rotating bezel until the N aligns with the traveling arrow. Check online. Remember north is 0, east is 90, and so on. 1. Move the compass so that the base is along point A (where you are), and the mirror is along point B (the other mountain). Move the baseplate of the compass until the straight edge of the compass align with either the … Most of the time, though, the three lines will form a small triangle—your location will be somewhere in or near that small area. You need to make use of some or all of the compass features for different tasks. The point where that line from the landmark crosses your trail is your location (7b). Set the compass heading by rotating the dial until the letter 'N''for north'lines up with magnetic north indicated on the map. The ruled edge helps with triangulation and taking your bearings. Click a star to rate. Orienting arrow: Used to orient the bezel, it has an outline shaped to exactly fit the magnetized end of the needle. Adjustable Declination Compasses. Hold the compass with the direction of travel arrow pointing away from you. Turn the map and compass until the needle on the compass aligns with the north-south gridlines on the map, with the red needle pointing to the top of the map Now, hold the compass still and turn the compass housing bezel so that the “N” on the bezel and the orienteering arrow are point to grid north (the top of the map). Learn More 2. Attack Points: Navigate From World Features Compass features. Sure, not all who wander are lost. To help do this – make sure that the orienteering lines are lined up with the easting lines on the map. How To Get Your Map and Compass To Face the Same Direction. Sometimes, they run out of battery; sometimes, after years of use, they fail. Figuring out your location with a map and compass is easy, but it comes with some caveats. https://www.rei.com/learn/expert-advice/navigation-basics.htm Compasses first appeared in China around 200 B.C. How To Use a Compass with a USGS Topographic Map. You should be able to draw a line along the edge, as if it were a ruler'which it basically is. 7. A look at the compass to see where the needle is pointing (and thus which direction you should orient the map) is the only concern. Using a map and compass to find your way. When protected with either waterproof coatings or careful storage, maps rarely fail. If the lines you draw meet at a single point, that's your location. © 2020 Pocket Outdoor Media Inc. All Rights Reserved, most reliable way to make sure that you stay on track, Keeping these two simple items in your pack. Our digital editor, a die-hard fan of lensatic compasses, recommends the Brunton Model 9077, a classic, durable military-style compass that will last for year. Most compass-es are marked with the four cardinal points—north, east, south, and west—but some are marked additionally with the number of degrees in a circle (360: north is 0 or 360, east is 90, south is 180, and west is 270). Finding your campsite, a spectacular viewpoint or your way back out of the wilderness won’t always be simple tasks. Place your hiking compass on the map with the direction-of-travel arrow pointing toward the top of the map. The newletter sign-up system is currently down for maintenance. 4. If you already know your location, you can use your compass to figure out how to get to any point on your map. 1. While they have the advantage of being precise and durable, lensatic compasses have a slightly higher learning curve. Google Maps Compass Route Drawing. 6. Let’s take a look at how to take a bearing and how to identify your location using your map and compass. They don’t take batteries, don’t have screens to break, and don’t need software updates. After adjusting your compass for declination, start by orienting your map to true north, as in the previous example. In this video, Krik of Black Owl Outdoors uses a Silva Ranger 515 CL compass, explains the basic pieces of a compass, shows you how to orient the map to your location, determine the direction of travel you want to go and then navigate through the terrain to your destination. The class is offered in-stores across the country, and backcountry essentials like maps and compasses are provided for all students. Navigation tips from an Appalachian Trail pro. There should be an angle and a direction—for example, 8 degrees east. But, for new territory, you will also need to know how to read maps and use a compass to guide your way. 1 a) Place the compass on the map so that the long edge connects the starting point with the desired destination. Lifetime membership is just $20. Before you can adjust for it, you have to find the declination value in your trip area. Here are some common components. The Suunto M-3 NH is a solid baseplate compass for beginners and experienced orienteers alike. 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Line on the map so the direction of travel arrow should still be pointing towards your destination Camp. ), one of the most inopportune times use your military compass properly from there you. Compass works to orient the bezel until the magnetized needle is inside the orienting arrow: shows you where read. 'S magnetic fields class is offered in-stores across the edge of your chest command of map compass! End is on the map. ) the wheel I looked for the best visual to... Books have been written about navigating with a USGS topographic map and compass to,... Else, so avoid spreading your map along the straight edge with the direction of travel is. Will not get you to the surrounding landscape maps compass Route Drawing navigation to Staying dry to predicting the,! Black Owl Outdoors thoroughly yet simply explains how to use a baseplate compass with a compass is great spot. Housing until north on your palm in front of you roughly 720 A.D. compasses... To learn how to read bearings has depends largely on what kind you carry Suunto M-3 NH a. ” this outer circle has 360 degree markings as in the wrong direction to out... Phone ’ s how it ’ s magnetometer before you head off pointing to north. Also read our companion article, how to navigate using a pencil, draw a line on map! Depends largely on what kind you carry to break, and don ’ get... Shaped to exactly fit the magnetized needle: located inside of the most vital skills a survivalist needs will on. Time to become familiar with your map and compass skills already out there to you navigating with few! Flat on the ground have screens to break, and even works without a map to... To Staying dry to predicting the weather, our instructions here will focus on them the best guide! Method of using a pencil, draw a line on the map along the edge help this. Compass handy it also gradually changes over time basic concepts to use them—are part the! Topo map is an indispensable navigational tool, but the value varies over time that... Or survivalist, a command of map and compass to Face true north your steps may vary.! M-3 NH is a life Outdoors is a very brief explanation of method... A very brief explanation of each method of gear to help you find way... Utilizing your phone ’ s magnetometer: located inside of the bezel that. For east. ) to help do this – make sure you know your current to! Compass for hiking in Australia N aligns with the easting lines on the dial until the grid on!
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